Meso-Patamia, known as the Dajla and Euphrates, is almost the same as that of the Nile Valley. The fertility of the valley and the waters of the Euphrates in the valley five thousand or six thousand years ago attracted the nomadic tribes of Arabia and Armenia and forced them to settle here. In this valley, the Dajla and Euphrates flow from the icy mountains of Armenia to the south, sometimes along the way, and sometimes at a distance. This civilization of Mesopotamia is the culmination of civilizations in Egypt, Sindh, and Iran.
This the civilization of Mesopotamia also consisted of fertile land like the Nile Valley, so farming was done here as well. The first grain was grown here, which was later cultivated in the world. The civilization of Mesopotamia also has the honor of introducing a system of irrigation, which was later adopted by other regions, which is still in the form of a dam today. The Mesopotamia Valley was not as secure as the Nile Valley, but it also faced threats from external invaders. As a result, when these small villages were transformed into cities, different urban states came into being and the importance of cities began to increase with their increasing power. A separate government was established for each major city, which ruled as the religious leader of the citizens, so government and religion were integral in the civilizations of the valley and most governments were established in the name of religion. Under the Meso-Pattami civilization, four civilizations created big names, one of them being the Samaritan civilization, the other the Babylonian civilization, the third Assyrian civilization, and the fourth Annual civilization
The first settlers in the Meso-Pattamiya Valley (Djilah and Euphrates) were the Samaritanpeople, who were neither a Samaritan tribe nor an Aryan race, but were a separate race. They came down from the eastern mountains and settled in the Euphrates. The recent archaeological findings suggest that the Samaritan civilization was parallel to the civilizations of Egypt and the Mohenjo Daro, and was very similar to the civilization of the Mohenjo Daro in particular. Trade and cultural relations were also established between the two civilizations. Since the Samaritans settled along the Euphrates River, they initially adopted farming and fishing as professions, but when their villages turned into cities, they established regular urban states. Ur-Nupur, Kish-Osh and Agade were their famous cities. Where sovereign urban states came into being. The city that was initially established in this valley was the lower part of the valley where the rivers flowed parallel to each other and fell together in the Persian Sea. Cities in the upper reaches were established later, and thus the area of Mesopotamia was divided into lower and upper parts like Egypt, where separate cities were inhabited.
When the Samaritan-dominated Empire was weakening due to civil war, other Saami tribes were settling in Meso-Putamiya (Dajlah and Fate) in the valley. In the western part of the empire, the Syrian civilian population was settled, which in 2050 BC occupied Babylon, a small town along the Euphrates River. They laid the foundation for a new civilization there. The general rulers of Babylondid not become powerful enough to occupy the imperial kingdom, but they exploited the civil war of the imperialist empires and continued to increase their power. In the eastern part of the empire, the Emily tribe began to conquer the Samaritan cities, so the Samaritan Empire moved from the East with the power of the Emily to the West, and after its power was completely exhausted by the Emily. And the tribes of the common people had to deal with one another. For nearly a century, these two tribes kept fighting against each other.
Assyrian civilization from 1000 BC to 612 BC: –
The Assyrians were primarily a warring nation. So their period was important in terms of victories, but socially and civilized wealth did not add much to the civilization of the world. They adopted Babylonian civilization and spread it to all regions, as Asian civilization is the same as that of the Romans in Europe, who adopted Greek civilization and spread it throughout Europe. Thus, Aishwarya himself is not the founder of any new civilization, but he is also considered to be the propagator of Babylonian civilization. The potential for cruelty is more prominent in their combat capabilities. History tells us that the Assyrians woke up like a whirlwind and sat like a whirlwind, whose fall came to Babylon again and the Second Babylonian Empire was established.
Kalani civilization or other Babylonian civilization from 612 BC to 538 BC: –
To the south-east of Nineveh, a new nation was emerging called Kaldani, it was the Semitic people who settled their settlements near the city of Ur. At the height of the Assyrians, they remained obedient to the Assyrians but were fed up with the persecution of the Assyrians and wanted to end the Assyrian Empire. When the Assyrians were in the civil war, the military adviser of Chaldea revolted and, with military help from the media, attacked the Assyrian capital of Ninevah. In this attack, Ninewa’s brick-to-brick was played, and the barbarism on which the Assyrians laid the foundation. In defeating the Knights, the Chaldean ruler Nabu Placer restored Babylon and laid the foundation of another Babylonian civilization. After his death, his son Bakht Nasr became the most prominent ruler of the Babylonian government in 605 BC.
Thus Mesopotamian civilization is regarded as one of the earliest known civilizations, with its history very highly sensational, and for those interested in history it has a wealth of science and art. It would be fair to say that the influence of Iranian civilization first established here on the territory of Mesopotamia, and later Greek civilization also left some influence, passing through the valley of the caravan of civilization whose stay in the valley remained short. The trips were long.