The Coronavirus 2020(CoV) is a family of viruses that causes common cold-like illnesses, as well as more serious illnesses such as Middle East breathing syndrome and severe respiratory syndrome. A novel coronavirus (NCOV) is a new strain – not previously recognized in humans.
Causes of coronavirus 2020
Coronaviruses cause diseases in mammals and birds. a Zoonotic virus is a virus that spreads between animals and people. When a virus transmitted to an animal population infects people, it is called a “fluor event”. It is speculated that the 2019 novel Corona Virus, or quad-19, began with the badge and transmitted to humans,
Presumably with Penguins as intermediate hosts. Unfortunately, CoVid-19 is now spreading from person to person. CoVID-19 has surpassed the number of SARS casualties in a matter of weeks – although the death rate is very low, it is spreading rapidly. Preliminary data show that in about 82% of cases, the symptoms are relatively old.
The disease begins and ends in the lungs. However, the rest of the cases are severe or serious, usually from the elderly or immune. How does CoVID-19 affect the body? Viruses contain protein spikes that stick to the envelope that form the surface and form the core of the genetic material. Any virus that enters your body looks for cells with suitable receptors – the ones that allow the cell to invade. Once they have found the right cell, they enter the cell’s copy machinery and make their own copies. Use.
Quid19 is likely to use the same receptor as SARS – found in both lungs and small intestine. Quid 19 is thought to have many similarities with SARS, with three stages of attack:
Hyper reactivity of the immune system,
And finally pulmonary destruction.
At the onset of infection, the coronavirus attacks two types of cells in the lungs – mucus and cilia. Mucus protects your lungs from dryness and protects them from pathogens. Celia hits mucus on the exterior of your body, clearing debris –
Including viruses! – Out of your lungs, Celia Sales was the favorite host of SARS-Covey, and possibly the favorite host of the new Coronavirus. When these cells die, they enter your airways and are filled with debris and fluid.
Symptoms include fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Many of the victims suffer from pneumonia in both of their lungs. Enter the immune system. Immune cells recognize the virus and flood the lungs. Lung tissue becomes inflamed. During the normal immune function, the inflammatory process is highly regulated and is restricted to the affected areas.
However, sometimes the immune system is more affected, and this results in the loss of healthy tissue. More cells are broken down in the lungs and they cause pneumonia. When lung damage increases, stage three begins, possibly resulting in respiratory failure. Patients reaching this stage of infection can suffer permanent damage to the lungs or even death.
We see the same lesions in the lungs of people with novel coronavirus as in SARS patients. SARS creates holes in the lungs, so they look like honey. This is probably due to the aforementioned over-reactive immune response, which affects both the tissues as well as the healthy and produces a scar that tightens the lungs.
Similarly, some patients may need ventilators to help them breathe. Inflammation also results in more polluted alveoli. This is the place for a thin gas exchange interface, where your lungs replace the carbon dioxide in your blood with the fresh oxygen you just inhaled. Increased permeability causes fluid to circulate in the lungs. This reduces the ability of the lungs to oxygenate blood and in severe cases flood them so that you are unable to breathe.
Sometimes, it can be fatal. Excessive response to the immune system can cause another type of damage. Proteins are proteins called immune system alarms, which recruit immune cells to the infection site. Over-production of cytokines can result in cytokine storms, where there is widespread inflammation in the body. The blood vessels become more viable and the fluid goes out. This makes it difficult for blood and oxygen to reach the rest of the body and can result in multiple organ failure.
This has happened in one of the most serious cases of CoVid-19. Although there is no specific cure for the coronavirus, the symptoms can be treated with supportive care. Also, vaccines are currently under development.
What can you do to protect yourself?
Suggestions vary in different countries, but the basic protocol is regular hand washing, avoiding close contact with someone coughing or sneezing, avoiding unnecessary contact with animals, washing hands after animal contact, before meals. Cook meat and eggs well, and during coughing or sneezing, your mouth and nose respiratory viruses usually spread by sneezing or dropping the affected person’s cough, so preventing them from traveling. The spread stops. The spread stops. With this and the full implementation of them, we can save our loved ones.