Hazrat Ata ibn Abi Rabah was a black slave who had the honor of being the Grand Mufti of the Sacred Mosque. He spent his childhood in the slavery of a wealthy woman in Mecca.
But their devotion, piety, knowledge, and awareness have brought them to this place or aspired by every human being. This honor of yours is a great proof of the love of the black race for religion
Muhammad Makafi writes about him that Hazrat Ata bin Abi Rabah was an Abyssinian slave who spent his childhood in the slavery of a rich woman in Mecca. But their devotion and piety, knowledge and awareness have brought them to this place or aspired by every human being, you also have the honor of being the greatest Mufti of the Masjid al-Haram.
Even in the days of slavery, you divided your time into three parts, in one part you served your mistress well and she was happy, in the other part you worshiped your Lord and prayed, repented and asked for forgiveness. In the third part, he would acquire knowledge from the remaining Companions of the Holy Prophet (saw) and participate in their scholarly gatherings where he would irrigate his body and mind with a torrential rain of knowledge
Struggle to acquire knowledge
He acquired a wealth of knowledge from great companions like Hazrat Abu Hurairah, Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar, Hazrat Abdullah bin Zubair, Hazrat Abdullah bin Abbas, even his heart was filled with knowledge and jurisprudence and the hadiths of the Holy Prophet. Seeing your arithmetic, your mistress set you free for the pleasure of Allah.
As soon as he got independence, he made Baitullah his home and lived there for the rest of his life. Your status can be gauged from the fact that once Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar came to Makkah with the intention of performing the holy Umrah. ۔ Hazrat Abdullah bin Umar said to the people of Makkah: You ask me questions when there is Atta bin Abi Rabah among you who is no less than anyone in knowledge and understanding. Don’t need
The scholarly benefit of Hazrat Ata ibn Abi Rabah was so common that everyone would benefit from it; the scope of his teaching was so wide that people of every class would benefit from it
Imam Abu Hanifa narrates an interesting story: “I went to Mecca with the intention of Hajj. After Tawaf, I intended to shave my head in order to get out of ihram. I asked a barber,“ Brother, do you want to shave your head? He replied, “May Allah guides you. There is no reward for worship. Sit down and give whatever you want.” I was very surprised and sat down anyway. He was just sitting when he said, “Sir, turn towards the qiblah and sit down.” Hearing this, my surprise turned into embarrassment. Well, when he started to leave after leisure, the sound hit my ears where did you go, Holy Prophet, I said to my luggage, then he said sir, first recite two rak’ats, then you will go where you want to go. After two rak’ats, I began to think that this person is not only a barber but also a scholar, so I asked him, brother, where did you learn all these things from? He said, “I have seen Hazrat Ata ibn Abi Rabah doing this. I have learned all this from him and will continue to teach it to the people.” Hazrat Abu Hanifa says that this barber corrected my five mistakes. Praise be to Allah, these people are not only the masters of knowledge but they are also ahead in practice. Such people are not only a beacon for the times but they are also responsible for practical guidance
Location of Hazrat Ata Bin Abi Rabah
This is the event of the year 97 AH. The days of Hajj had begun and the voices of “Labeek-ul-Lahim-Labeek” were echoing in the air of Makkah. People from all sides were running towards the Bait-ul-Allah in droves in caravans, whether they were old or young, old or young, rich or poor, they were all praising Allah in the same clothe The number of Tawaf pilgrims around Baitullah was increasing and suddenly a large crowd joined the Tawaf performers. The onlookers saw that the then Caliph of the Muslims, one of the great kings of the world, Sulayman ibn Abdul Malik, was also circumambulating in two garments, like ordinary pilgrims, and mingled with the people like a common man. Is a man
When the servants of Baitullah saw this, they too joined the Tawaf with the Caliph for protection. The caliph’s two young sons were also with him. After completing the Tawaf, the Caliph asked Khudaim, “Where is your Hazrat?” Khudaim pointed to the west and said that he was engaged in prayers on this side. The caliph walked towards this side. When the servants saw that the caliph was going towards this side, they made a path and started removing the people. Stopped them from doing so and said that this is the place where the king and the poor are all equal. No one is superior to anyone, yes, whoever is pious and may Allah accept him.
Then with a sigh he said that there are so many scattered addicts in the dust that whenever they do any deed, Allah Almighty accepts it immediately, who do not accept it from the kings. When the caliph approached him, he saw that he was still engaged in prayers, and while bowing and prostrating, it seemed that he would not get up. People are gathered around him and there is such a large circle that he finally sat down and waited for his turn.
The two sons of the caliph were watching the scene with great astonishment and wanted to know who they were, in whose honor the caliph was still sitting like a common man. When his eyes fell on him, he was astonished to see that He is an old black Abyssinian. They were still in a state of amazement when the elders greeted them and turned their attention to the people. The elders would answer every question in such a way that the questioner would be satisfied in every way and would explain the solution to the problem in such detail. Wala would not have asked for more details. He would confirm all the issues with the hadiths and sayings of the Holy Prophet
When the caliph had asked all his questions, he asked for permission and, saying goodbye, the three fathers and sons set out for Masa’i with the intention of striving. One of the sons of the caliph asked, “Didn’t you understand that you were asking questions at the time of the caliph himself to a person who did not pay any special attention to you and did not respect you?” The caliph smiled when he heard this and said, “My dear son, this is Ata ibn Abi Rabah whom you have seen. He is the greatest Mufti of the Masjid al-Haram and the heir of Hazrat Abdullah ibn Abbas in this great position.” Then as an admonition he began to explain to them that learn the knowledge of the Qur’an and Hadis, this is the chair on which even an inferior man becomes respected by the people, this is the position on which even slaves would rise above the rank of kings.
Indeed, may Allah exalt whomever He wills with honor and exalt whom He wills with knowledge. May Allah help us and you to walk on the path of truth and truthfulness. Amen