Kwame Nkrumah, Ghana Leader
Kawami Nkrumah, Ghana leader is best known as the President of Ghana, born in 1909 in which small occupation of Ghana. Become president of Ghana by his own abilities
includes his great struggles. The reason for his decline was his authoritarian policies, and he struggled to get rid of British colonialism in Ghana.
Ghana’s Freedom Struggle: –
From the very beginning, Kawami Nkrumah had been vowing to fight for his homeland’s independence. He was advised by some local nationalist leaders to go to America to study. In those ten years, he earned three degrees from Lincoln and Pennsylvania Universities. In the meantime, he studied the books of Karl Marx and Marcus Gowrie, who supported the establishment of an autonomous state by liberating the white people in Africa. He went there to witness the difficult lives of black Americans in the American city of New York۔
He moved to London in 1945, where he attended the London School of Economics, where he began working as vice president of the African Students’ Union. This union was called the Circle, and it was a group that was going through the experience of political organization, where Nkrumah wrote his first book, “Freedom from the Colonial System.”
Ghana Returns: –
Nkrumah had been out of Ghana for 12 years, during which the freedom movement continued. When this movement took effect, the leaders there asked Kawami to come back to Ghana and he was made general secretary of the UGC. The organization’s full name was the United Gold Coast Convention and its purpose was Ghana’s independence (remember that Ghana was known as the Gold Coast). The way that Nkrumah learned to speak while living in the United States helped him a lot, and in a short time, he had increased his following. In 1949, the organization of the movement was renamed the Convention People’s Party, following a program of affirmative action to strike and boycott the city to weaken imperialist forces. ۔ ۔ ۔ ۔
When the British government saw the unrest in the Gold Coast (Ghana) while the local administration failed to control it, they began to try to implement a new constitution. When the election program was created in 1951, the CPP won 80% of the seats in the new parliament. Nkrumah was made the Prime Minister. The cabinet was given a ministry to eight Ghanaians, while the British held three key ministries, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Treasurer, and Defense.
In 1954, Gold Coast Ghana was given full independence and got the authority to constitute its own constitution as an autonomous country. Within three years of independence, the country was renamed Ghana. Thus the Kwame-Nkrumah’s struggle for independence in this country achieved a historic victory in overthrowing the imperial system.